Employment Patterns

As shown in Figure 3, Moroccan women who are employed report a range of types of jobs in which they work.

A number of these fields of employment require an investment in time for specific training and skills, but few appear to be professional or managerial.

The distribution of men across occupations, shown in Figure 4, is quite similar to that seen among women.

Although Moroccan women’s labor force participation might be low compared to that of men, women who are employed appear to work more steadily. Nearly 70% of women work on a full-time basis, compared to 56% of men. Eighteen percent of employed women work part time, 2% seasonally, and 5% on a “free schedule.” In contrast, 29% of employed men work part time and 12% seasonally. Six percent of women but none of the men in the sample either did not answer the question or said they did not know how often they worked (Figure 5)

A majority of employed women are paid a salary or regular wages (58%), though nearly a quarter are self-employed. A plurality of men is self employed (43%), and three in ten are paid a salary or wages (31%) (Figure 6).

In addition to questions about formal labor force participation, respondents were asked whether they participated in a number of informal economic activities.